TEKPOLSCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY STUDIES


Projects

2015

(FEUTURE) The Future of Turkey- EU Relations: Mapping Dynamics and Testing Scenarios 

FEUTURE is the largest research project on EU-Turkey relations the European Commission has funded so far, the relevance of which has once again been highlighted by current affairs. Hence, the aim of FEUTURE’s research is to reveal the narratives and drivers of the EU-Turkey relationship, the likely scenario(s) for the future, and the implications these may have on the EU and Turkey, as well as the neighbourhood and the global scene. FEUTURE is coordinated by Dr. Nathalie Tocci, Deputy Director of Istituto Affari Internazionali and Special Adviser to EU HRVP Federica Mogherini and Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Wessels, Director of the Centre for Turkey and European Union Studies at the University of Cologne. The FEUTURE consortium consists of 13 renowned universities and think tanks from the EU, Turkey and the neighbourhood.

Duration: April 2016 - March 2019

Budget: 222 500 €

Funding Agency: European Commission

2015

Girişimcilik Desteklerinde Seçim Süreçlerinin İncelenmesi ve Seçim-Performans İlişkisinin Analizi: Türkiye’de Kuluçka ve Hızlandırma Programları Örneği

Duration: November 2015 - March 2018

Budget: 192 000 TL

Funding Agency: TUBİTAK

2015

Strategy for State Economic Enterprises

Duration:  2014-2015 

Funding Agency: Türkiye Kamu İşletmeleri Birliği (TKİB)

2015

Strategic Planning in the Public Sector, Ministry of Development

Duration:  2014-2015 

Funding Agency: Ministry of Development

2015

Teknoloji Ara Birimi Projesi

Duration: January -  May 2015

Budeget: 99.050 TL

Funding Agency: Ankara Chamber of Industry

2015

1925-1945 Arasında Kimya Sektöründe İnovasyon ve Öğrenme Süreçleri Nasıl Farklılaştı? Alman IG Farben ve Amerikan Dupont Örneği.

Bu çalışmada toplanması öngörülen veriler yardımıyla IG Farben ve Dupont’un inovasyon performanslarının yanısıra inovasyon ve öğrenme kaynaklarının sebeplerini ve etkenlerini bulmak amaçlanmıştır. Firma bazlı detaylı meso düzeydeki bu tarz bir analizin genel anlamda Bilim ve Teknoloji Politikaları (STP) literatürüne pozitif katkılar sağlayabilecek bilgiler sunabilir. Bu çalışmanın teorik anlamda ileride fayda sağlayabilecek niteliği mevcuttur. Özellikle arşivlerden çıkacak bilgiler ışığında yeni bir yaklaşımın geliştirilebilmesi olası gözükmektedir. İnovasyon ve öğrenme sürecinin bu perspektifle bu çalışmadan yeninden gözden geçirilmesi söz konusudur. 

Budget: 15.000 TL 

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2015

Türkiye İlaç Sektöründe İlaç Geri Ödeme Polİtİkalarını Belirleyen Etmenlerin 2003-2013 Dönemi için Nicel Analizi 

Budget: 5.500 TL

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2015

Türkiye’de İşgücü Piyasası Dinamikleri: İşgücü ve Ücret Kutuplaşması ve Mesleklerin Artan Önemi

Budget: 30 000 TL

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2014

eScience in environmental research: An assessment for an integrated research agenda for Turkey

The project is a multilevel assessment of research data management (RDM) activities in Turkey in environmental sciences. In a nutshell, RDM is the ability to collect, analyze, share, and preserve data. The policy assessment focuses on RDM policy of Tubitak and compares it to other funding agencies in the U.S. and Europe. The technology assessment is about the bandwith, hardware, software, tools, apps, and IT staff in Turkey. The attitudes towards and practices of RDM among environmental scientistsconstitutes the behaviroal assessment. After the data is analyzed from three assessments, a roadmap for Turkey for integration to global repositories is going to be prepared.

Funding Agency: TÜBİTAK 2236-European Commission co-fund

2014

Market Formation of Electricity Generation from Renewable Sources: The Cases of Solar Energy and Wind Energy in Turkey

This project aims to design technology policies for diffusion of electricity generation based on renewable sources in Turkey. With global environmental concerns, clean and sustainable supply of electricity becomes an important issue. Increasing electricity prices, dominance of imported fossil fuels in the sector and abundant renewable energy sources also motivate environment-friendly electricity generation in Turkey. In such conditions, the diffusion of solar and wind electricity generation technologies is proposed as an alternative to solve the energy problem. For this purpose, formation and development processes of solar and wind electricity generation markets are investigated. Consequently, policy proposals for  diffusion of these emerging renewable energy technologies are formulated These policies aim to solve the systemic failures by strengthening inducement mechanisms and/or weakening blocking mechanisms in Turkish Technological Innovation System for solar PV and wind turbine technologies.

Funding Agency: TÜBİTAK 1002 - Short Term R&D Funding Program

2014

Labor Market Dynamics in Turkey: Job and Wage Polarization and the increased importance of occupations

Recent literature has identified three trends in the labor markets of the industrialized countries: (i) employment share of services sector has increased, (ii) employment share in low and high skilled occupations has increased (job polarization), (iii) and similarly wages in the low and high skilled occupations have increased relative to middling jobs (wage polarization). In this project, we investigate the existence of such findings in the Turkish labor market using a unique dataset on vacant positions of one of the biggest job placement companies and the Labor Force Survey data. We found evidence for wage polarization. Job polarization is observed to an extent but the pattern is not statistically significant.

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2013

Era-Watch Country Report Turkey

This report consolidates the recent developments in Turkey regarding science, technology and innovation. The current innovation climate and the policy status are explained in detail using secondary data obtained from the ministries and government agencies.

Funding Agency: European Commission, Brussels.

2013

Sharing Knowledge Assets: Inter-regionally Cohesive Neighborhoods (SEARCH)

The EU has experienced successive enlargements in recent years with the incorporation of new countries. These have changed the EU map, broadening frontiers and thus appearing new neighbouring countries. The integration of them offers new opportunities but also implies some risks. Even though the ENP has demonstrated to be an integration tool, which has provided an effective and clear framework to establish cooperation links within neighbouring countries, some are important areas with considerable potential for further progress. SEARCH will focus attention on some areas which so far have been neglected in the analysis of the impact of the ENP but which are of central interest in the economic literature on cohesion. METU-TEKPOL is responsible for the WP5 that is designed to investigate the current status of the social, cultural and institutional environment in the European countries and regions. For further details see the project website at http://www.ub.edu/searchproject/ 

Funding Agency: FP7 Project, European Commission, Brussels.

2013

Technology, task composition of jobs and trade: Task-trade framework and implication for the Turkish labour market

This project discusses the labour market implications of globalisation, product fragmentation and outsourcing. We live in a world where goods, services, capital, labour and ideas are mobile -a fact that reinforces globalisation of production. Recent trends show that there is polarisation in employment and wages. We look at the causes of these trends and then discuss several indicators to measure globalisation of production. The recent literature is discussed with specific reference to three trends: (i) employment share of services sector has increased, (ii) employment share in low and high skilled occupations has increased (job polarization), (iii) similarly wages in the low and high skilled occupations have increased relative to middling jobs (wage polarization). We investigate the existence of such findings in the Turkish labor market for the 2004-2010 period using Labor Force Survey data. There is evidence for wage and job polarization. Next, we show that occupations have significant contribution in explaining the change in wage distribution. 

Funding Agency: TÜBİTAK 2232 

2013

Does Government Support for Innovation Matter? The Effectiveness of Public Support for Private Innovation

The aim of the project is to analyze in a comparative perspective the government support for innovation by first examining the main existing instruments of financial support for innovation in Turkey and Poland, and secondly to assess their effectiveness by applying recent econometric techniques to firm-level data for both countries obtained from the Community Innovation Survey (CIS).To this end, the same econometric methodology is applied to the Turkish and Polish 2008-2010 editions of the Community Innovation Survey for manufacturing firms. Two models are estimated: one following the now classical CDM model and assessing the role of innovation expenditure, but assuming government support exogenous; and another controlling for the endogeneity of support but assuming a simplified version of the innovation performance equation. The evidence indicates that government support contributes to higher innovation spending by firms and this in turn improves their chances to introduce product innovations. The positive impact remains valid even when a possibly non-random selection of firms for government support programs is controlled for. In particular, the support from local government proved inefficient or less efficient than the support from central government or European Union.

Funding Agency: Euro-Mediterranean Forum of Economic Institutes (FEMISE Network), Project No FEM 35-18 

2012

Era-Watch Country Report Turkey

This report consolidates the recent developments in Turkey regarding science, technology and innovation. The current innovation climate and the policy status are explained in detail using secondary data obtained from the ministries and government agencies.

Funding Agency: European Commission, Brussels.

2012

Kazan, Ankara Defense and Aerospace Cluster Feasibility Report 

Turkish Aerospace Industry (TAI) is a major player in Turkish Defense Industry. Recently the government planned to establish a cluster of firms in defense and aerospace industry in the vicinity of TAI. The establishment of a synthetic cluster should be carefully designed and the first step is to map the defense industry in Turkey to see whether firms are willing to participate in such a cluster. This feasibility project is commissioned by the Undersecretariat of Defense and aims to investigate the potential of a defense and aerospace cluster in the Kazan region in Ankara.    

Funding Agency: Undersecretariat of Defense, Ankara.

2011

Analysis and Evaluation of METU Research Centers

This project maps the current academic, research and funding  situation in the Research Centers organised under the METU Rectorate. The project team visited 14 Research Centers and conducted interviews with the Center heads. A detailed report is delivered to the Rectorate and a summary report on the Research Centers in general is delivered to the Ministry of Development.

Funding Agency: METU Rectorate, Ankara

2011

Innovation activities in Turkey in the age of science and technology


Funding Agency: EU Cost Action; Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK)

2011

Strategic Analysis of Innovation Capacity in Ankara ICT Sector

This project aims to map the ICT sector in Ankara. As a result of this mapping exercise the potential strengths and weaknesses of the sector is determined. The project covers the firms established in five different Technoparks in Ankara. At the end of the project a detailed policy analysis is put forward.

Funding Agency: Ankara Development Agency, Ankara

2010

The Analysis of R&D Activities of Foreign Firms in Turkey 

This project aims to analyze the activities of FDI-based firms in general and the nature of their R&D activities in particular.  It outlines the global trends yet the specific focus is on Turkish economy. The ultimate target is to present the FDI policy environment together with R&D environment for foreign firms. The study starts by using secondary data but the data is enriched with a SWOT analysis and live interviews with the local CEOs of foreign firms.    

Funding Agency: International Investors Association (YASED)

2010

Clustering, international networks and performance of firms: some complement approaches for MENA’s convergence

First objective of this project is to study if networks effectively ameliorate the TFP of firms and to compare international networks (imports of intermediate and capital goods, vertical or horizontal cooperation) and local networks (experience at exporting and producing of other firms at the regional level). The second objective of this report is to verify if the proximity of other exporting firms increases the probability of a firm to become an exporter. The project uses micro-econometric techniques using data on a sample of Spanish and Turkish firms to investigate the above issues. In the third part of this study, we use experimental economic technique to study how trust among business partners is affected by the information about the residence’s country of the partner. To investigate this issue we benefit from experimental economics techniques.  

Funding Agency: Euro-Mediterranean Forum of Economic Institutes (FEMISE Network)

2009

ICT-RTD Technological Audit

Aim of this project, as announced by European Commission/DG Information Society and Media, is to carry out a Technological Audit on information and communication technologies (ICT) research capabilities in Turkey in order to identify a number of elements that include: (a) The ICT RTD policy environment and the opportunities and barriers it presents; (b) The status of the ICT RTD activities (publication, patent, framework programmes participation) identifying the centres of excellence and centres with development potential per FP7 ICT Theme Challenge and Objective; (c) The actions that need to be taken at national and European level to increase the participation of organisations carrying out ICT RTD in both the private and public sector supported with the data obtained by Live interviews, 2-round Delphi and SWOT analysis.

Funding Agency: Directorate General INFOSOC, European Commission

2009

Suggestions for Technology Policies in Modeling and Simulation Realm of Turkey

Nowadays, new improvements in Information Technologies including software and hardware applications create new opportunities and application areas for modelling and simulation. Especially in defence sector; all developed countries, including the members of NATO, increase their efforts in modelling and simulation. Therefore, determination of technology policies and strategies in this area are becoming more important. The need for such a kind of policy-making effort from Tukish Military-METU Modelling and Simulation Research and Application Center (MODSIMMER), as a part of their 3 year-long project for establishment of “Modelling and Simulation Information Sharing and Cooperation Platform” in Turkey; has created strong collaboration efforts with METU-TEKPOL. MODSIMMER and METU-TEKPOL are starting a project called “Suggestions for Technology Policies in Modelling and Simulation Realm of Turkey”. The main objective of the project is “the preparation of a proposal for national policies, strategies and roadmaps for modelling and simulation realm for policy makers.

Funding Agency: The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBİTAK)

2009

The effects of health biotechnology and servıces: the socio-ethical risks and prospects

The world has witnessed extraordinary advances in science over the last few decades. Biotechnology - one such area of growth - is a term covering a broad range of scientific activities used in many sectors, such as food, health and agriculture. It involves the use of living organisms or parts of living organisms to provide new methods of production and the making of new products. On the ethical issues concerning the related biotechnology and gene technology, The key aim of the BELS Network is to facilitate multidisciplinary, this project aims to investigate deeply the collaboration network between scholars and professionals concerned with the ethical, legal and social implications of biotechnology ethics.

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2009

The Productivity Effects of Foreign Direct Investment in THE Turkish ManufacTUring Sector 

Many developing country governments set policies in order to attract inward foreign direct investment (FDI) by supporting policies of the potential benefits of FDI including the possibility of productivity spillovers from foreign- to domestic-owned plants. In this respect, this project aims at estimating the within-productivity effects of foreign investment in Turkish manufacturing plants by contributing to the existing literature by analyzing whether Turkish FDI structure differs from other FDI assets of the rest of the world.

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2009

The Academic Research Networks and Collaborations in Turkey: Applied Research on Middle East Technical University Academic Research Networks 

The recent ‘scientification’ of commercial technology has brought the interface between universities and industry into sharp focus. In particular, academic research networks has been discussed in different variety of ways in which academics take direct part in the research collaborations facing major researches. In the course of this project, we aim to research extensive academic networks of interaction between colleagues and universities with the other forms of research cooperation, involving joint research projects, etc. starting the Middle East Technical University as an initial research area.

Funding Agency: BAP-METU

2009

The Assesment of Technology Transfer Policies for Developing Countries: The case of Turkey 

As involved in moving a technology developed for one organization or environment into a commercial operation by capitalizing on the investment in research and development, this research aims to investigate econometrically whether which knowledge is transferred from institutions of higher education to useful applications depending upon the type of knowledge being transferred and the mechanisms that have been established for transferring such knowledge.

Funding Agency: BAP-METU